Truss structure strength analysis backgrounds
What structural strength analyses are generally required besides the elastic beam theory?
Industrial FEA software like FEMAP or ANSYS doesn't contain practical solutions for the check of truss structures other than the elastic beam theory.
An evaluation if the truss structure also complies with the required standard can be very time consuming. At what load will a beam buckle and what is the capacity of a connection?
A solution can be to make detailed FE analyses for these queries but in many cases that is very time consuming.
The FEMDS software includes a strength check, including buckling and a punching shear analysis to ensure the connection is acceptable.
Differences between standards API, ISO and AISC
The AISC code is one of the most flexible standards compared to the others. API and ISO consider the beam connection as rigid (fully restrained). In AISC more options are available to also partially restrain the moment connection between brace and chord also allow rotation between the members, which is mentioned as “simple connections”.
However, the consideration how the connection is treated should be consistent throughout the whole structural calculation (see AISC 360-10 B3.6b). API-RP-2A and ISO 19902 are specifically for fixed offshore platforms. Since they treat torsion and axial stresses separately, these standards are not suitable for monopole structures like e.g. windmills.
Furthermore, the standards according to API and ISO allow the first order analysis as acceptable, while using AISC, the engineer needs to (at least) consider a second order analysis including P-Δ and P-δ effects and other effects of initial imperfections and stiffness reductions due to inelasticity (see AISC 360-10 C2).
The one-third stress increase is removed in AISC code
ASCE/SEI standards no longer permit the familiar one-third stress increase in allowable stress design. In practical terms, what does this mean for designer?
Since AISC is a originally a code for buildings, for AISC 360-10 the loadcases are specified in ASCE 7. For offshore and maritime industry that use the AISC for certification, unity factors should be chosen in accordance with the requirements of the applicable certification authority. Therefore the FEMDS software still contains the opportunity to select the correct unity factor.
For more background information also check:
The one-third stress increase. Where is it now?
The origin of the one-third stress increase.